Article Format and Requirements:
Author (s) can use this list to carry out a final check of article submission before sending it to the journal for peer review process. Authors should ensure to have the following items in the article which should be available:

  • Authors: 
    1. Authors Contacts: All authors have been designated with contact details: E-mail address and Full postal address. 
    2. Corresponding Authors: No more than two corresponding authors; no more than three joint authors. Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. This responsibility includes answering any future queries about methodology and materials. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.
  • Article Requirements:
    1. Word count: No more than 5000 words (excluding Abstract, Methods, Tables, References, and figure legends).
    2. Pages: No more than 20 pages.
    3. Submitting File: No more than 5MB. It should be msword file (.doc/.docx) or PDF file only.
    4. Title: No more than 50 words.
    5. Abstract: Minimum of 200 words and maximum of 300 words.
    6. Keywords: Minimum of 3 and maximum of 5 appropriate keywords.
    7. Font Name and Font Size: Times New Roman, Font Size 10, single or double column with 1.5 line spacing and justified.
    8. Figures: No more than 8 figures into a 300 dpi.  
    9. Tables: No more than 8 tables. The length of the table should not be more than 01 page.
    10. Figure Legends: No more than 350 words per figure.
    11. Graphical Abstracts / Highlights files: Optional.
    12. Supplemental files: Optional
    13. Spell and Grammar: Compulsory.
    14. References: No more than 60 references. 
    15. Copyright Concern: Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet).
    16. Competing Interest: A competing interest’s statement is provided, even if the authors have no competing interests to declare.
    17. Abbreviations: No more than 10 abbreviations. Ensure that the abbreviation used is spelled out completely the first time it appears in the text or legend. Keep abbreviations to a minimum, particularly when they are not standard. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article.
    18. Journal Policies: Journal policies detailed have been reviewed which is available atGuidelines for Authorssection.
    19. Referee suggestions: To be provided based on journal requirements.
    20. Footnote: Footnote should not be used.
  • Article Format/Structure:
    Article text file (msword/pdf) should start with a title page that shows author affiliations and contact information, identifying the corresponding author with an asterisk. For the main body of the text, there are no specific requirements. It can be organized in a way that best suits of the research. However, the following structure will be suitable in many cases:

    1. Abstract: Do not include any references in your Abstract. Make sure it serves both as a general introduction to the topic and as a brief, non-technical summary of the main results and their implications.
    2. Keywords: There should be appropriate keywords.
    3. Introduction: State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
    4. Material and Methods: Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.
    5. Theory/Calculation: A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the foundation for further work. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis.
    6. Results (with subheadings if applicable): Results should be clear and concise.
    7. Discussion (without subheadings): This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
    8. Conclusions: The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
    9. Acknowledgements: It is optional. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance, or proofreading the article, etc.).
    10. Author contributions: Names must be given as initials.
    11. Data availability statement: Mandatory.
    12. Additional Information: Including a Competing Interests Statement.
    13. Figures: Ensure that each illustration has a caption. Supply captions separately, not attached to the figure. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
    14. Tables: All tables should be editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.
    15. Appendices: If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formula and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.2), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
    16. References: Ensure that all references mentioned in the reference list are cited in the text, and vice versa.
  • Article Submission:
    An article can be submitted online directly to the journal using the ‘Article Submission System’. A submission template is available in the download section that will help to prepare msword file within the journal formatting criteria.